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Shankhpushpi – Benefits, Side Effects, Precautions, Drug Interactions & More

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The content has been written by a medical expert.


Shankhpushpi is a plant native to India. It is scientifically called Convolvulus pluricaulis.

These flowers can be blue or white in color. It is a memory-boosting agent and a brain tonic known to enhance concentration, learning and reduce stress, insomnia, anxiety, and depression in the person consuming it. 

In Ayurveda, it is recognized as “Medhya Rasayana”, which means a drug that rejuvenates, maintains and potentiates intellect and memory.3 This plant is used from its root to its tips and has a wide range of therapeutic uses in man. 

In India, it is also known by various other vernacular names like:

  • Sankhapuspa
  • Sankhapuspi
  • Shankhavali
  • Aparajit
  • Bilikanthisoppu
  • Shankhavela
  • Shankhapuspi
  • Sanghupushpam
  • Kakkurattai.1

Health Benefits of Shankhpushpi:

The herb has diverse therapeutic benefits for various systems of the body which are as follows-1,4,5,6,7,8   

Benefits of Shankhpushpi for the Brain

Benefits of Shankhpushpi for Memory and ADHD

Shankhpushpi has nootropic activity i.e., it can boost memory, learning capacity and concentration in the person consuming it. Thus, it can be used to improve memory or in conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is usually seen in children, wherein the child has trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors or is overly active.  

Benefits of Shankhpushpi in Anxiety & Sleep Disorders

Shankhpushpi shows anxiolytic activity i.e., it can induce a feeling of peace and calm, reduce stress and mental tiredness and improve sleep.

Benefits of Shankhpushpi in Epilepsy

Shankhpushpi has anticonvulsant activity and reduces the risk of epilepsy or fits. 

Benefits of Shankhpushpi in Alzheimer’s Disease & Dementia

  • Due to its neuroprotective activity, it can improve mental functions.
  • Its antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory activity have been shown to improve brain functions like learning, thinking, reasoning, remembering, problem-solving, decision making, and attention.

Benefits of Shankhpushpi in Depression

As a result of anti-depressant activity, Shankhpushpi can enhance the mood of the person consuming the herb and is advised to consume the plant preparations in depression-like conditions.

Also Read: 15 Ways to Treat Depression Naturally 

Benefits of Shankhpushpi for the Heart and Blood Vessels:  

  • The herb Shankhpushpi lowers blood pressure and is usually given to treat high blood pressure along with other herbal compounds. 
  • Shankhpushpi is also used in patients with high cholesterol due to its ability to lower cholesterol.
  • Various animal studies have revealed that its extracts lower Low-Density Lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-CH) which is the bad cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), and phospholipid levels. 

Benefits of Shankhpushpi for the Stomach

  • The glycoprotein secretions of the herb have shown effectiveness against various types of ulcers in the stomach. 
  • It may help in healing stomach ulcers.  

Benefits of Shankhpushpi for the Skin

  • It makes the skin glow
  • It is effective against wrinkles. 
  • It can also be used to treat acne or pimples, which is usually very problematic in the teenage years of life. 
  • It can also be used to treat skin infections. All these above uses are due to its anti-bacterial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. 

Benefits of Shankhpushpi for Diabetes or Blood Sugar:  

As it has the ability to lower blood sugar levels and thus may be used in persons with diabetes. 

Also Read: 45 Food Items to Lower Blood Sugar Levels

Benefits of Shankhpushpi as an Anti-bacterial

The enolic extract and compounds like tannins, saponins, coumarin, flavonoids, phenol and triterpenoids that are present in Shankpushpi contribute to its activity against various bacteria.  

Side effects of Shankhpushpi: 

  • Shankhpushpi is nontoxic and its use has no detected side effects so far. 
  • It can be used in any age group of people and for both genders. 
  • However, one must consult his or her doctor before starting the drug especially if they are on other medications for other conditions or are pregnant or breastfeeding or have low blood pressure. I
  • t is never to be self-medicated.9,10

How to Use the Herb Shankhpushpi:  

Shankhpushpi is available as a powder, tablet, capsule, juice, syrup and oil as well. Except for the oil that is massaged, rest all forms can be consumed with water or milk after meals preferably in the morning.9 


  • Long term diseases– In patients who are on medication(s) for long term diseases like chronic kidney diseases, heart diseases, sugar disease etc. Shankpushpi should be consumed only after consulting his or her doctor who is treating the chronic disease.10 
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding– Even in pregnancy and during breast feeding, a doctor must be consulted before starting intake of herbal plant or its compounds.10
  • Low blood pressure– Caution must be exercise before starting the herb in a person with low blood pressure. Due to its blood pressure lowering activity, shankpushpi combined with existing prescription medicines may cause low blood pressure and dizziness.10

Interactions of Shankhpushpi with other drugs: 

Mostly Shankhpushpi is safe, but while using it the drugs mentioned below is to be avoided due to their interactions with the herb. 10 

  • Blood pressure lowering drugs– Due to its blood pressure lowering effects Shankhpushpi may lead to hypotension, that is a condition with very low blood pressure. This can lead to dizziness in patients already on blood pressure lowering drugs. 
  • Phenytoin– It is seen that when Shankhpushpi is given together with phenytoin, it reduces the antiepileptic activity and blood level of phenytoin. It therefore reduces the ability of phenytoin to control the seizure.  

Thus, patients taking blood pressure and seizure management medicines must consult their Ayurvedic physician before taking it.  

Also Read: Chirata – Uses, Benefits, Side Effects, Precautions & More

Frequently Asked Questions:  

1) Is Shankhpushpi Good for Diabetes? 

Ans: Yes, it is beneficial in lowering blood sugar levels in diabetic patients. Various studies have been done to support this wherein on adding this herb to the patient on diabetic treatment the blood sugar reduction was higher.6 

2) Which is Better Brahmi or Shankpushpi? 

There is no evidence currently available on which one is better than the other, but both are effective and popularly used as memory enhancers and used either alone or in combination with other ingredients.11 

3) Can Brahmi and Shankpushpi be Taken Together? 

Yes, they can be taken together; there are many syrups, capsules, and powders with the above combinations that are available in the market.11 

4) Which Part of Shankpushpi is Used as a Drug? 

The whole plant is used from top to bottom which includes the roots, stem and flowers of the plant.9  

5) Are Aparajita and Shankhpushpi the Same? 

Yes, they are the same. Aparajita is another name for Shankhapushpi in the Hindi language.1 

Also Read: Nagkesar – Uses, Benefits, Side Effects, Precautions & More


  1. Agarwal, P., Sharma, B., Fatima, A., & Jain, S. (2014). An update on Ayurvedic herb Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy. Asian Pacific Journal Of Tropical Biomedicine, 4(3), 245-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2221-1691(14)60240-9  
  1. Sethiya, N., Trivedi, A., Patel, M., & Mishra, S. (2010). Comparative pharmacognostical investigation on four ethanobotanicals traditionally used as Shankhpushpi in India. Journal Of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research, 1(4), 388. https://doi.org/10.4103/0110-5558.76437  
  1. Sethiya, N., Nahata, A., Singh, P., & Mishra, S. (2019). Neuropharmacological evaluation on four traditional herbs used as nervine tonic and commonly available as Shankhpushpi in India. Journal Of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, 10(1), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaim.2017.08.012  
  1. Balkrishna, A., Thakur, P., & Varshney, A. (2020). Phytochemical Profile, Pharmacological Attributes and Medicinal Properties of Convolvulus prostratus – A Cognitive Enhancer Herb for the Management of Neurodegenerative Etiologies. Frontiers In Pharmacology, 11https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.00171  
  1. Alzdiscovery.org. (2020). Retrieved 17 December 2021, from https://www.alzdiscovery.org/uploads/cognitive_vitality_media/Shankhpushpi-Cognitive-Vitality-for-researchers.pdf.  
  1. Patel, D., Chandola, H., Baghel, M., & Joshi, J. (2012). Clinical efficacy of Shankhapushpi and a herbo-mineral compound in type-II diabetes. AYU (An International Quarterly Journal Of Research In Ayurveda), 33(2), 230. https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-8520.105243  
  1. Mishra, J., Joshi, N., & Pandya, D. (2012). A comparative study of Shankhapushpyadi Ghana Vati and Sarpagandhadi Ghana Vati in the management of “Essential Hypertension”. AYU (An International Quarterly Journal Of Research In Ayurveda), 33(1), 54. https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-8520.100311  
  1. Al-Rifai, A., Aqel, A., Al-Warhi, T., Wabaidur, S., Al-Othman, Z., & Badjah-Hadj-Ahmed, A. (2017). Antibacterial, Antioxidant Activity of Ethanolic Plant Extracts of Some Convolvulus Species and Their DART-ToF-MS Profiling. Evidence-Based Complementary And Alternative Medicine, 2017, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5694305  
  1. Bhowmik, D., & Kumar, S. Traditional Indian Herbs Convolvulus pluricaulis and Its Medicinal Importance. Phytojournal.com. Retrieved 3 January 2022, from https://www.phytojournal.com/vol1Issue1/Issue_may_2012/4.pdf.  
  1. Dandekar, U., Chandra, R., Dalvi, S., Joshi, M., Gokhale, P., & Sharma, A. et al. (1992). Analysis of a clinically important interaction between phenytoin and Shankhapushpi, an Ayurvedic preparation. Journal Of Ethnopharmacology, 35(3), 285-288. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8741(92)90026-n  
  1. Umar, D., Ali, A., Farhan, M., Basheer, B., & Baroudi, K. (2015). Effect of Brahmyadi Churna (Brahmi, Shankhapushpi, Jatamansi, Jyotishmati, Vacha, Ashwagandha) and tablet Shilajatu in essential hypertension: An observational study. Journal Of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology and Research, 6(4), 148. https://doi.org/10.4103/2231-4040.165015  


The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.

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