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Amaltas, also known as Cassia fistula or Golden shower tree is a popular herb in Ayurvedic medicine known to be useful in a variety of health conditions. This tree has many names, out of which Pupping pipe; Golden Shower, Aragvadha, and Indian Laburnum are the most common ones.
Amaltas is prevalent in India and Pakistan and is also found in a few parts of Southeast Asia. Due to its extensive medicinal properties, it is cultivated in many parts of India.1
Therapeutic Uses of Various Parts of Amaltas:
All the parts of Amaltas- The leaves, seeds, root, pulp, fruit, and bark have various medicinal properties.
According to Ayurvedic literature, Amaltas has a sweet and bitter taste. It is helpful in many conditions like skin diseases (Kushta), Fever (Jwara), Rheumatic diseases (Amavaata), Cardiac diseases (Hrudroga), menstrual problems, migraines, burns, jaundice, swollen throat, leprosy, and alopecia.
It is known to be the best medicine for laxation (Sramsanam). It is also helpful in pacifying all three body energies: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.2
The leaves possess laxative properties.
The seeds of Amaltas possess laxative, antipyretic (fever-reducing), and Carminative (expelling gas from the stomach) properties.
The fruit extracts contain laxative properties and are also helpful in managing skin diseases, abdominal pain, and fever.
The flowers of Amaltas contain laxative, astringent (tightening skin tissues), anti-pyretic, and wound healing properties.
The pulp of Amaltas functions as a safe laxative for pregnant women and children. The pulp also contains anti-viral and anti-fungal properties.
The bark of Amaltas contains antioxidants (prevention of cell damage) and anti-inflammatory properties.
Pods contain antipyretic and laxative properties.
Benefits of Amaltas:
Benefits of Amaltas for Constipation:
- Amaltas is an excellent remedy for constipation.
- The emulsion obtained from Amaltas is effective in the 3-week treatment of functional constipation in children. Amaltas is used as a mild laxative in pregnant women as well.
- The Amaltas pulp can be mixed in hot water and taken for constipation.
- Amaltas can also relieve hiccups in babies.5, 6
Benefits of Amaltas for Skin Diseases:
- The leaves of Amaltas can be used in skin conditions like ringworms, eczema, and skin eruptions.
- Amaltas root helps treat dermatological problems.
- The fruit pulp of Amaltas is also found to be beneficial in treating skin diseases and worms.
- The leaves of amaltas can be used in erysipelas.8
Benefits of Amaltas for Suppressing Cough:
- Amaltas has antitussive (cough suppressing) properties. The pods are burnt, made into ash, mixed with salt and honey. This mixture is used for relieving cough. It is also used in the treatment of fevers.
- The leaves of Amaltas are effective in relieving cough.
- Amaltas is also effective in the treatment of tuberculosis.
- Amaltas helps boost immunity and protect the body against infections.7
Benefits of Amaltas for Congestion:
- Amaltas is effective in decreasing respiratory tract congestion, reducing inflammation, and helps in clearing out phlegm (thick mucus).
- It is also useful in treating the common cold and asthma.1
Benefits of Amaltas for the Heart:
Amaltas helps in strengthening heart muscles, reducing blood cholesterol levels, and preventing the build-up of lipids. Hence, it decreases the risk of heart diseases, blood clot formation, etc.4
Benefits of Amaltas for Urinary Problems:
Amaltas can also be used in problems related to urination like burning during urination, urinary retention and obstructions in the abdomen.4
Benefits of Amaltas for Fever:
Amaltas has fever-reducing properties and can be used in malaria and blackwater fever.9
How to Use Amaltas:
Amaltas is available in different forms:1
- Flower powder
- Fruit pulp
- Amaltas Vati (tablets)
- Amaltas Avaleha (syrup)
- Decoction (essence)
Your Ayurvedic physician will prescribe you the form and dosage according to your health condition.
Side Effects of Amaltas:
Generally, Amaltas is safe even when used for children. However, an overdose of leaves and barks of Amaltas produces side effects like8
- Abdominal pain
Precautions to Take Amaltas:
- When taken raw, all parts of Amaltas may be poisonous.
- Taking high doses of this drug can lead to conditions like severe diarrhea and dysentery.
- Amaltas is not recommended in infants and pregnant women.1
Frequently Asked Questions
1) Can Amaltas be Used for Skin Allergies?
Amaltas helps protect your skin and can reduce rashes and irritation. It can be used for conditions like skin eruptions, psoriasis, eczema, etc.9
2) Can Amaltas be Used for Abdominal Pain?
The paste made from the fruit of Amaltas is rubbed gently around the navel area for abdominal pain. It is also used for treating bloating.10
3) Is Amaltas Indicated in Arthritis?
Due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, Amaltas is effective in arthritis.11
4) What Kind of Habitat is Amaltas Found in?
Amaltas is commonly found in tropical, subtropical, and deciduous forests. They also prefer moist areas and mountain areas.4
5) What are the Parts of Amaltas?
Amaltas contains stem bark, leaves, root bark, flowers, and pods. All these parts have extensive medicinal uses.
6) Can Amaltas be Used for Healing Wounds?
Yes, Amaltas is an effective remedy for treating skin wounds. Amaltas can be used as an ointment on the affected area for obtaining better wound closure and reducing the size of the wound.12
7) Does Amaltas have Anti-bacterial Properties?
Amaltas is known to be effective in controlling the growth of bacteria. It is also antifungal in nature. The fruit pulp of Amaltas contains anticandidal properties.13
8) Can Amaltas be Used for Diabetes?
Yes, Amaltas can be helpful in the treatment of diabetes. It protects the pancreatic cells from damage and improves the secretion of insulin.14
9) What are the Medicinal Properties of Amaltas?
Amaltas is an antidiabetic, hepatoprotective (liver protecting), antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, antioxidant, antitussive, antimicrobial, antiparasitic, antitumor, anti-itching, antileishmanial, wound healing, antifertility, larvicidal, and ovicidal.8
- Planet Ayurveda. Cassia fistula- Uses, health benefits, dosage, medicinal properties. [Internet] Available from: https://www.planetayurveda.com/library/amaltas-cassia-fistula-uses-health-benefits/
- Research gate. Medicinal properties of Aragvadha (Cassia fistula Linn.). [Internet] Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/49612832_Medicinal_Properties_of_Aragvadha_Cassia_fistula_Linn/link/5da6d0a34585159bc3d021dc/download
- Thirumal. M, Surya.Srimanthula, Kishore.G; Cassia fistula Linn – Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review. Critical review in pharmaceutical sciences. Available from: http://earthjournals.in/crps-7.pdf
- Ayesha Maqsood, Ayesha Munir, Dr. Sammia Shahid; A Phytopharmacological Evaluation of Cassia fistula. A Comprehensive Review. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. 2020 May-June; 62 (2): 45-53. Available from: https://globalresearchonline.net/journalcontents/v62-2/09.pdf
- National center for biotechnology information. The effect of Cassia fistula emulsion on pediatric functional constipation in comparison with mineral oil: a randomized, clinical trial. [Internet] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3556012/
- Planet Ayurveda. Amaltas, purging Cassia (Cassia fistula). [Internet] Available from: https://www.planetayurveda.com/library/amaltas-cassia-fistula/
- T. Bhakta, Pulok K. Mukherjee, Kakali Saha, M. Pal & B.P. Saha; Studies on Antitussive activity of Cassia fistula (Leguminosae) leaf extract. 140-143 Pharmaceutical biology. 2004 May; 36 (2): 140-143 Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1076/phbi.18.104.22.16898
- International journal of pharmaceutical sciences and research. Cassia fistula Linn: A review of phytochemical and pharmacological studies. [Internet] Available from: http://ijpsr.com/bft-article/cassia-fistula-linn-a-review-of-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-studies/?view=fulltext
- Research gate. Cassia fistula Linn. (Amulthus)- An important medicinal plant: A review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties. [Internet] Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/216410159_Cassia_fistula_Linn_Amulthus-_An_Important_Medicinal_Plant_A_Review_of_Its_Traditional_Uses_Phytochemistry_and_Pharmacological_Properties
- Research gate. Therapeutic uses of Cassia fistula: Review. [Internet] Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313366837_Therapeutic_Uses_of_Cassia_Fistula_Review
- Research gate. Prophylactic anti-arthritic effect of Cassia fistula in murine rheumatoid arthritis model. [Internet] Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335335383_Prophylactic_Anti-Arthritic_Effect_of_Cassia_fistula_in_Murine_Rheumatoid_Arthritis_Model
- PubMed. Wound healing potential of Cassia fistula on infected albino rat model. [Internet] Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16242721/
- National center for biotechnology information. Antibacterial and antifungal activities from leaf extracts of Cassia fistula L: An ethnomedicinal plant. [Internet] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3217694/
- Research gate. Antidiabetic activity studies on Cassia fistula fruits. [Internet] Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286624066_ANTIDIABETIC_ACTIVITY_STUDIES_ON_CASSIA_FISTULA_FRUITS/link/566c5bba08ae430ab4fd4f80/download
The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.